Grade Eight Elements of Fiction Notes, Sept.

Protagonist is the main character of a selection. Usually the main character experiences some conflict or struggle and goes through some important change.

Conflict struggle in which the characters are involved. Conflict can be internal (a decision of the character) or external (with a person or force outside the character).

Static Character is one that doesn't change by the end of the story.  The plot has had no impact on them.

Developing/ Dynamic Character undergoes a change from the events in the work.  They grow-up or learn a lesson, for better or worse, because of the plot of the story.

Stock Character is one that is familiar to us from other works: a stereotype.  The secretary that really runs the company, the dumb deputy, etc.

Round Character Is one that is multi-faceted, or many faces or hats.  They do many things and can't be summed up easily.  Think of Steve Urkle from Family Matters- the worst show on television.

Antagonist is the character or force with whom the protagonist has a conflict. Not all stories have an antagonist that is a person; It can be a force.

Forces  The antagonist can be a power against the protagonist.

                                   Man Vs. Man

                                   Man Vs. Nature

                                   Man Vs. Unknown (Alien)

                                   Man Vs. Society  

                                   Man Vs. Disease/ Illness/ Disability  Something inside them but not by his or her choice.  

Plot is the series of major events in the narrative.

Exposition  or Introduction is the part of the plot in which background information is introduced. 

Setting the time and place in which a work of literature occurs.

Inciting Incident is the part of the plot in which the central conflict is presented.  The event that lets the reader know the problem of the story.  "When the detective entered the room and saw a body on the floor, I knew this story was about solving a murder."

Rising Action is the part of the plot in which the central conflict is developed.  It helps build the suspense.

Climax is the high point of interest or suspense in the story where the problem has turned.  

Falling Action is the events that occur after the turning point.

Conclusion or Resolution  when the outcome of the central conflict is decided.

Denouement is the description of how the loose ends of the plot are tied up.

Unresolved Conflict  is when the problem of the story continues even though the work- play, story, novel- has ended.

Flashback a section of a literary work that presents an event or series of events that occurred earlier than the current time in the work.

Foreshadowing  A hint, preview or omen of future events.  It helps to build suspense.

Suspense is a feeling of curiosity or expectation, often tinged with anxiety created by questions about what the outcome will be in a literary work.

Symbol is something that stands both for itself and for something beyond itself. (ex. The lion is a symbol of courage.)

Motivation a force, object or circumstance that impels a character to act as he or she does.

Fiction a literary work in prose that tells about imaginary people, places and events. Examples are short stories, novellas and novels.

Nonfiction any literary work, generally in prose, that presents factual information or that presents actual people, places and events. (examples: speeches, essays, memoirs, autobiographies, biographies, textbooks and reference works)

Novel a long work of prose fiction.